Private individuals, the public and the job search. What to do? Dialogue with Anpal
"Today we are able to estimate the risk of each unemployed person not finding work for over a year", writes the commissioner for active policies to Il Foglio. "But politics has always clipped the Agency's wings," replies Giannino
To the director - I consider some clarifications on Oscar Giannino's contribution of 20 May appropriate. It affirms a vision of a "budget deficit" of the "Programma Gol" contrary to the evidence of the data. I would start from taking charge of the workers, which has been profoundly renewed: by exploiting the databases, today we are able to rigorously estimate the risk of each unemployed person not finding a job for over a year. Once this risk has been estimated, the various areas useful for improving employability are investigated: professional experiences, digital and linguistic skills, training, extra-work obstacles (eg, care loads). It is the first time it has happened in our country and it is the first time it has happened in the whole country, from Bolzano to Sicily. And the data ends up in the national information system, in view of the coveted personal electronic file.
It is a system that we are envied in Europe today, as evidenced by a recent assessment by the Network of European Job Centres. The skeptics argued that by investing in public services, we would have lost the Pnrr money: well, I think it is one of the few programmes, if not the only one, in which the target set by the EU Commission has not only been achieved, but even doubled within the expected deadline of the end of the year. Today we are more than a million beneficiaries. As for the "glamorous mistake" of insisting on public services, another hoax needs to be debunked: the entire Program budget - 4.4 billion euros - is intended for the private system of employment agencies, but also and above all for the formation. This is the other great innovation: for the first time, training policies are an integral part of the system of active policies. Today we are experimenting with an analytical tool that allows us to return the skills gap to be covered with specific training, based on the requests of employers. Training then comes from private individuals and, often, also accompaniment to work. But in a model of relationship with the public of a cooperative and non-competitive nature, which instead only produces phenomena of cherry-picking (picking the "best cherries" by private individuals), making public services essentially a ghetto for the hard to employ. What effects does all this produce in terms of employment?
The first results are encouraging: six months after taking charge, 38 per cent of workers had at least one employment relationship and 30.4 per cent maintained it. Is it a glass half empty or half full? If the yardstick is the ex-ante assessment of the probability of finding work in the year (estimated on the 3.4 million registered as unemployed before the pandemic), only 19 percent are work ready. Specifically for beneficiaries of basic income, it drops to 3 percent. Of course, if after six months, we are between 30 and 40 percent, it is not only thanks to the Programme, which encounters a favorable phase in the labor market. But undoubtedly, the balance can only be said to be positive.
extraordinary commissioner Anpal
He answers Oscar Giannino. I thank Commissioner Tangorra and former minister Orlando for their attention to my piece on Anpal's imminent funeral. No, dear Orlando, there are no "flaws of superficiality and prejudicial approximation", as you say. Nor have I questioned her fair protection for all workers, which has nothing to do with the end of Anpal. What you write about Anpal's difficulties in being able to manage itself well to face the tasks in theory entrusted to it, starting with the impossibility of having full autonomy in the necessary human resources, is the full confirmation that politics has worked day-in and day-out to clip the wings of the Agency . And in any case, I haven't written about this either: but about the fact that an independent third-party agency was necessary given the disastrous state of the competing Regions-State competences, while politics preferred to re-center everything to the Ministry of Labor and from this the Anpal funeral was born. What divides us is a vision: that of an offer of active policy services - training and outplacement - with resources entrusted with transparent tender procedures to whoever between employment centers (Cpi) and private employment agencies (Apl) knows do better. And the numbers say that those who do best are the Apls. In the tender procedures of my ideal world, dear Tangorra, the problematic experience of the cherry-picking to which he refers, which took place in the UK with private APLs that "chose" the best trained workers to relocate them more easily and thus obtain grants, should be taken into serious consideration when writing tender notices, not to believe that public EPCs are better .