Orchid - care, maintenance and watering

Orchid - care, maintenance and watering

Fascinating and ornamental: this is the identikit of the orchid, one of the most loved and given flowers in the world. Actually it would be more correct to speak in the plural as there are about 750 different types of orchids.

The genre Phalaenopsis (commonly known as "butterfly orchid") refers to about fifty tropical species including the Phalaenopsis Amabilis - the most common - and still there Phalaenopsis Schillerianathe Phalaenopsis lindeniithe Phalaenopsis Cornu-Cervithe Phalaenopsis Equestristhe Phalaenopsis Parishiietc.

Orchid (Pixabay)

The Phalaenopsis they are monopodic plants in which the new leaves are born in the heart of the old ones while the flowers bloom along the stem: they are also epiphytes, i.e. they can grow leaning on the branches of trees, or even in the faults of rocks located near water sources. The Interflora experts reveal the secrets for the care, maintenance and watering of this marvelous flower at home.

Orchid, how to cure it at home

It is often thought that the orchid requires green thumb care and attention but, in reality, this plant is very easy to manage at home. It is sufficient to respect some precautions to be able to see it bloom several times a year, even for several weeks. First, it is important to know where to place it: the Phalaenopsis orchid needs a lot of light but does not tolerate direct sunlight which could burn its leaves. The ideal temperature must be between 22ºC during the day and between 16º and 20ºC at night. Also pay attention to the humidity level which should be kept between 60% and 80% all the time.

Orchid (Pixabay)

Orchid (Pixabay)

Why must the orchid have a transparent vase?

The transparent vase is highly recommended as the roots of the orchid need a lot of light to carry out photosynthesis. This type also allows you to better control the plant and, in particular, monitor the degree of irrigation.

How to water the orchid?

Proper watering of orchids is essential to keep them healthy. As a general rule it should be watered twice a week in spring while, in the winter months, once every two weeks but, in reality, it must be watered when the soil is dry. It is advisable to always use water at room temperature, tap water is also fine but, if too calcareous, it should be mixed with a little mineral water. Alternatively, rainwater can be used: however, since it is not rich in minerals, regular fertilization is necessary for good maintenance. The best method for watering it is by immersion: the pot is placed in a basin of water and, after irrigation, it is left to drip well to avoid water stagnation.

Where to place the orchid

Positioning the orchid correctly is one of the most important factors: we are talking about a plant that prefers light-filled environments as long as, as previously mentioned, solar radiation does not affect it directly. For example, it is perfectly fine to place it near a window with a south or south-west exposure.

Orchid pruning

Pruning orchids is a delicate operation that requires due attention as each species has its own needs. In principle, pruning must be carried out after flowering by eliminating the dry stems using gardening shears carefully disinfected with bleach: the cut must be made a few centimeters above the second node, starting from the bottom. Alternatively, it is possible to break the stems with your hands, making a quick and decisive movement.

Orchid (Pixabay)

Orchid (Pixabay)

Orchids: colors and meaning

Much more than simple flowers, orchids are bearers of messages of love and affection: they represent the ideal gift to celebrate loved ones and, based on the color chosen, they take on a different value:

  • White orchid: symbol of elegance and refinement, it represents purity of soul as well as pure love;
  • Orchid yellow: is a hymn to friendship and allows you to celebrate a relationship based on trust, gratitude and loyalty;
  • Pink orchid: it is very recurring on the occasion of wedding anniversaries as it is associated with joy and romance while red means passion;
  • Blue orchid: symbol of harmony and peace. To give when you want to make peace with someone;
  • Black orchid: in ancient times it was thought to have magical power, in reality it is dark brown and symbolizes authority;
  • Red orchid: unequivocal declaration of love and passion, to give to a special person;
  • Green orchid: symbol of hope, green recalls nature which with its colors gives freshness and color.

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