Green houses, here are the bonuses to make the house greener

Green houses, here are the bonuses to make the house greener

MILAN. The green house in EU projects alarms families. The fear is of having to resort to the wallet for very expensive interventions that only a few will be able to sustain. The EU directive, which focuses on improving the energy performance of buildings, provides for residential buildings to achieve energy class E by 1 January 2030 and class D by 1 January 2033. Yesterday the European Parliament gave the go-ahead to the text, but negotiations (Commission, Parliament, Council) will start in the coming weeks to arrive at the final directive. Here the individual states will have the opportunity to intervene. The Italian government is preparing to do battle because it claims that the new rules would impose unsustainable costs.

Green houses: from categories to times, from exemptions to incentives, everything you need to know

emanuele bonini

The concern among property owners is great, so much so that among them there are already those who declare that they want to sell their house and go to live in rent. This is what emerged from a survey commissioned by to the mUp Research and Norstat institutes. According to the analysis, almost 2 million Italians (4.6%) declared that they are ready to defy the law and will comply only if, following checks, they are discovered, while almost 1 million owners said that, although to avoid spending, is willing to sell his home and rent out. More generally, only one out of five respondents said they were willing to comply, while almost 15 million individuals said they will only do so if there is economic aid from the state. A figure, the latter, not to be underestimated, especially if we consider the problems that emerged with the now ex superbonus 110% which, it should be remembered, involved a much smaller number of owners than the one that will be affected by the new European directive. According to Ance data, with the incentives of 110%, just under 100 thousand interventions were carried out in 2021 and 260 thousand in 2022. The European directive would instead require interventions on about 1.8 million buildings in a decade. It will be a difficult challenge to overcome.

What is certain is that new incentives will be needed. But after the Superbonus chaos, how many will really want to rely on state aid? Meanwhile, the hypothesis is that the currently operational building bonuses will be stormed in the coming months. However, we will have to wait and see what really happens. In the meantime, it will be necessary to read the definitive text with all the decided exceptions and subsequently the conversion of the text in Italy will have to be evaluated.

The bonuses to use
The hunt will be for building bonuses that are still accessible. However, the panorama has been less generous since the 110% Superbonus was cancelled. Furthermore, the stop to the discount on the invoice and the transfer of credit will require appropriate assessments. For example on disposable income and therefore on the effective possibility of deducting tax bonuses over a very long period of time which is generally 10 years.

90% superb bonus
For those who want to renovate their home there is a 90% Superbonus (the Meloni government has raised the incentive from 110 to 90%). Is it still worth it? You have to do the calculations right. Also considering the costs for the design phase which requires expensive expert reports and certificates. Furthermore, it should be considered that the 90% rate is valid only for 2023: in 2024 it will drop to 70% and in 2025 to 65%. This is a rate cut that makes it really inconvenient to intervene, also considering the great uncertainty that scares many after the 110% Superbonus chaos. What happens to the villas? They are among the beneficiaries of the superbonus only until 31 December 2023. Furthermore, the Isee is no longer taken into consideration for income but the family quotient.

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